What is systemd ?
systemd is a suite of software that provides fundamental building blocks for a Linux operating system. It is an initialization system and hence the first process to start (with pid 1). It will start and manage other services and manage dependencies between them.
It replaced sysvinit, upstart in many Linux distributions. As of now almost all popular Linux distributions use systemd as the default init system (including my favorite Debian).
All this while to mount a volume after boot automatically, we used to mess around with
fstab. Recently I came to know we can use systemd to mount volumes and here is how to do it.
Unit configuration file
Configuration for any entity (service,socket,device,mount point etc) that is managed by systemd is maintained in unit configuration files. They are usually located in
You can use
systemctl command to start/stop/restart check status of services in your machine.
systemctl status postgresql.service systemctl start postgresql.service systemctl stop postgresql.service systemctl restart postgresql.service
This command offers much more functionality please refer the manpage for more details.
# systemctl status postgresql.service ● postgresql.service - PostgreSQL RDBMS Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/postgresql.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Active: active (exited) since Sun 2018-05-20 17:37:20 IST; 1 day 20h ago Process: 976 ExecStart=/bin/true (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Main PID: 976 (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Tasks: 0 (limit: 4915) Memory: 0B CPU: 0 CGroup: /system.slice/postgresql.service
Mount unit Configuration
To mount a filesystem using systemd we create special type of unit files which have an extension of
Mount units must be named after the mount point directories they control. Example: the mount point /home/music must be configured in a unit file home-music.mount.
[Unit] Description=Additional drive [Mount] What=/dev/disk/by-uuid/XXXXXXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXXXXXXXXXX Where=/mnt/driveone Type=ext4 Options=defaults [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Then you can enable this unit using :
systemctl enable mnt-driveone.mount
These unit file configurations ends with
.automount. This can be used to automatically mount the filesystem on demand.
Description=Automount Additional Drive [Automount] Where=/mnt/driveone [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Automount units must be named after the automount directories they control.
automount unit file must have a matching
mount unit configuration, which is activated when the path (
automount configuration is accessed.
so the unit configuration required to mount
/mnt/mydata is :